Tips To Prevent Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Patients with diabetes are prone to developing diabetic foot ulcers. These ulcers typically occur on the bottom of the feet and because many patients with diabetes also suffer from peripheral neuropathy, or a loss of sensation in the feet and legs, these ulcers can go unnoticed. Without proper treatment, a minor foot ulcer can become infected and require surgery. In extreme cases, a large ulcer and a widespread infection can require amputation of the foot. Here are a few simple things diabetics can do to prevent foot ulcers.
Monitor Your Feet
Many diabetics suffer from nerve damage, particularly in the feet and legs, that can make it difficult for them to walk or feel pain and discomfort. A small scratch on the foot that would cause alarm to a person without diabetes can be overlooked by someone who has a loss of feeling in the feet. If left untreated, this scrape can turn into a severe infection and eventually, a foot ulcer.
Diabetics should examine their feet at least once a day. Any cuts or scratches should be treated with antibiotic cream and protected with a bandage. Any signs of a small ulcer or infection should be cause for concern. Contact your doctor immediately if you begin exhibiting the signs of infection, such as a fever, pain, redness, and discharge.
Wear the Right Shoes
Wearing shoes that are the right size, fit properly, and provide support is very important for anyone, but especially diabetics. Shoes that are too tight place too much pressure on the feet and can lead to a condition called a pressure ulcer. Avoid shoes that have a pointed toe, high heels, and shoes with little to no support, such as flip flops or sandals.
Eat a Healthy Diet
It is critical for diabetics to maintain their blood glucose levels. This means eating foods that do not contain high amounts of sugar and carbohydrates, such as sweets and white bread. Additionally, there are other foods that can help keep your entire body healthy, including your feet.
For example, instead of eating empty carbohydrates, eat foods that are high in fiber and healthy carbohydrates, such as beans, berries, and whole grain bread or pasta. Also, introduce more lean proteins into your diet. This could include eggs, lean beef, certain types of seafood, and skinless chicken.
Your doctor can help you create a diet that will keep your blood sugar stable and prevent foot ulcers.
From changing your diet to wearing shoes that fit properly, there are several things you can do to prevent diabetic foot ulcers. Contact a company such as Wells Surgical Services LLC to learn more.